Dandruff- What You Need to Know to Keep the Flakes from Falling
Image credit: Canva
The down-low on dandruff:
Dandruff is a mild form of seborrheic dermatitis, a scaly condition that mainly affects the scalp and other oily areas such as the upper chest and back. It causes skin flakes that can appear on your scalp, hair, eyebrows, or beard. Symptoms also commonly include an itchy scalp, and the flakes and itchiness can worsen during times of stress, and when the condition flares in cold, dry seasons.
So what causes dandruff anyways?
Simply put, dandruff is caused by a yeastlike fungus. Specifically, the group Malassezia, which has 10 species that inhabit human skin. Two of these species, M. restricta, and M. globosa are the species associated with dandruff. These fungi feed off of the oils (sebum) produced by our skin.
I know, yuck, but to be fair, everyone has some level of this fungus calling our bodies home. The difference is that dandruff occurs when the bodies’ ability to fight back against this fungus is diminished, and its level increases.
Things that can make dandruff occur or worsen:
- Age (most common in ages 20-50, though it can happen to anyone)
- Being male (sorry boys, some researchers believe this is due to male hormones)
- Oily Skin
- Immunodeficiency or immunosuppression by medication
Dandruff can be difficult to treat, but there are a few ways that you can prevent it from occurring in the first place. Now that you know what dandruff actually is and what Malassezia feeds off of, you can diminish its food source (sebum), as well as eliminate the ideal conditions in which fungi thrive (humid and moist environments).
If you frequently sweat, it’s really important to try and stay as clean and dry as possible; sweat = moisture, and humidity. Moisture and humidity = fungus. So after exercise, or a long day outside or at work, it’s important to take a shower and cleanse your body (and especially your hair/scalp) with a gentle body wash and shampoo to remove that sweat. Just make sure that you thoroughly dry your skin and hair to eliminate any excess moisture afterward.
By cleansing regularly, you also remove excess oil from areas commonly affected by dandruff. Using a gentle shampoo will remove excess oils from your scalp and hair that Malassezia needs to thrive, and make it harder for this fungus to proliferate and give you those itchy flakes in the first place. Dandruff? We don’t know her.
Image credit: Canva
You’re currently dealing with those pesky flakes, and I just want you to know that this is extremely common, and nothing to feel embarrassed about. Dandruff happens. In fact, according to Everyday Health, it happens to about half of the population. That being said, here are some things you can do to improve the situation:
The first step is as mentioned in the section above, cleanse regularly. If that doesn’t seem to be doing enough, then its time to go the medicated shampoo route.
There are five main types of dandruff shampoo:
It may take some trial and error to find the best-medicated shampoo for you, as everyone's biochemistry is unique and reacts differently to a treatment. Try and stick to your new shampoo for at least 1 month for results, as the skin cell life cycle renews at an average of 28 days. It may be cliché, but Rome wasn’t built in a day, and your dandruff won’t be gone in a day. But with some patience and consistency, you can manage the Malassezia.
Cabañes FJ, 2014 Feb, “Malassaezia Yeasts: How Many Species Infect Humans and Animals?”, PLoS Pathogens
Hon A/Prof Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton, New Zealand, 2004. “Skin Conditions associated with Malassezia”, DermNet NZ
Join the trending topic 🏷 Beauty Thanks
In the spirit of Thanksgiving, cherie would love to know what you are thankful for this year! 💜 Whether its your full cheeks that remind you of your mother, or your curly hair that expresses your personality, share it on cherie <3 What beauty item, goal, or experience are you thankful for this year? Tell us in the trending topic 🏷 Beauty Thanks ✨What is something new you learned about beauty this year, whether it is a beauty aesthetic, an innovative product, a skincare ingredient, or a wellness habit? 💫What is your experience? Do you have a routine to achieve the beauty goal?
The Organic Skin Co.
Have you tried this brand yet. This brand is The Organic Skin. THE ORGANIC SKIN Co. - Cheeky Lips • This product is a blush and lip product. Versatile, multi-purpose blush Designed to provide a perfect natural flush and the pout to match. • Cheeky Lips comes in eight bangin’, long-lasting, highly pigmented colors. • Whether you’re looking for a soft pink blush for your cheeks and lips. • Organic castor seed oil and supercritical extracts of rosemary, pomegranate and calendula will help to replenish your cheeks and lips, keeping them smooth and healthy. 💭 I wasn't sure how to use this product when I first received it. The color is very pretty. The texture is soft and smooth. I used this on my lips. The color is very pigmented and long lasting. I tried this on my cheeks and wasn't a fan. It was too greasy for my liking. #The Organic Skin - Natural Lipstick[products]#[TwoStars] • This lipstick comes in 12 colors. With the added benefits of calendula and rosemary supercritical extracts, as well as nourishing organic oils and carnauba wax. Shades: Coral & Ruby Red 💭 I really wanted to like these lipsticks. The packaging is so pretty. The issue is the texture. These lipsticks are a little rough. I wasn't able to wear it by itself. You Definitely have to apply a gloss before using or it will break. Unfortunately it became to stressful to use. lol They wouldn't apply the right way. #The Organic Skin - TASK FORCE NINECALENDULA AND TURMERIC CREAM [products]#[FiveStars] • Infused with 9 active natural ingredients – aloe vera, jojoba seed oil, lemon peel oil, calendula, turmeric, rosemary, honeysuckle, vanilla, and seabuckthorn – this multi-tasking treatment cream has moisturizing, antiseptic and antibacterial properties. 💭 This is a nice everyday cream. The texture is nice and light. It leaves your skin smooth and moisturized. It's non-greasy and smells amazing. This cream is good for all skin types including sensitive skin. #The Organic Skin - The Eyes Have it[products]#[FourStars] • With 8 colors to choose from you can mix, match and blend our cream eye shadows. Highly pigmented, long-lasting, multi-hued, and full of supercritical extracts. How to use: Using your finger or an eye shadow brush, apply to your eyelids. Shades: Greenstone & Silhouette 💭 These are really nice eyeshadows especially if you like cream shadows. It's easy to apply and the texture is smooth. Once these shadows dry down, they stay in place. My issue was on of the shadows was hard. It kept rolling up as I was trying to get it out of the package. The shades are very pretty especially greenstone. It's very pigmented. I'm not sure if I would purchase any of these products. Your thoughts? (Gifted) #whoisnee #cheriecreator
My AM routine while rocking cherie merch!
@cheriethanks for the cute sweatshirt! I am obsessed. Here is my am routine! sisley - FLORAL TONING LOTION First I tone and prep my skin with this toner. I love this toner so much because it is so hydrating and doesn’t strip the skin. It also moisturizes while helping to clean and prep it to absorb other products. NATURIUM - Hyaluronic Acid Essence 2% Then I use this essence. I love this brand so much and this essence is so hydrating and light. It helps plump and prepares it for the serum. NATURIUM - Niacinamide Serum 12% Plus Zinc 2% Next I use this serum which I have been enjoying. It is super gentle that I can even use it during the day. So far my skin has been tolerating it very well. I also notice my dark spots decreasing much quicker. LORD JONES - Acid Mantle Repair CBD Moisturizer Then I use this moisturizer that I am obsessed with. It so far has been my favorite product of the year. It’s so hydrating and calming. It feels amazing on the skin as well. Last I finish off with a sunscreen. I previously reviewed this before! It’s from Korean brand Corthe. ^^ what do you like to do in your morning routine?
GRWM! New products and some old!
Hello everyone! I did another GRWM using some new and old products! First I started off with a primer. I used e.l.f. - Poreless Putty Primer I was actually really surprised by this. It reminded me of Tachas silk canvas primer. It went on smoothly and did a good job of blurring my skin. I will say though after I looked at my makeup in the mirror up close it did settle a bit into my pores and my creases and was pretty noticeable. Overall I think this is a good product and will work for people with smoother skin. e.l.f. - 16HR Camo Concealer Then I used the elf concealer. I love this concealer. I’ve used it so many other times in my other videos. WINKY LUX - Diamond Powder Foundation Then I used the winky lux foundation. This actually went on so nicely and was super natural looking. I love how it’s so weightless and decreases shine. I would recommend this for people with oilier skin. the CRÈME shop - "Macro Brow" Angled Brow Pencil + Spooley Then i used macro brow. This is just to fill in the last bits of my eyebrow to look fuller. It’s easy to use and has a great price point. I just wish the pigment was a little easier to apply. You have to push so hard. RITUEL DE FILLE - Rare Light Crème Luminizer My favorite brand of highlighters ever. Just so pretty and pigmented. All natural and cruelty free. An amazing brand overall. 💞 fresh - Sugar Lip Treatment Sunscreen SPF 15 I used a tinted fresh lip treatment. Love the way they hydrate and the subtle color it gives off. They also smell and taste really good 😂. Hope you enjoyed getting ready with me! Let me know if you have any questions about the products I used.
Why pH of skincare products is important?
The pH is defined as the negative logarithm (base ten) of the concentration of free hydrogen ions in aqueous solution. The pH of skin surface ranges from 4.5 to 6 making it slightly acidic. The acidic nature of the whole skin surface was first claimed by Heuss in 1892; however, the first scientific study was carried out by Schade and Marchionini in 1928, who called it the acid mantle. The “acid mantle” protects the skin by inhibiting the growth of pathogenic organisms, regulating keratinization, desquamation and wound healing. Any disruption in the acid mantle disrupts the activity of enzymes involved in barrier function and anti-microbial protection. The skin pH and the buffering capacity of the skin surface are made up of the components of the stratum corneum as well as the secretions from sebaceous and sweat glands. Sweat is an important contributor towards skin acidity owing to its content of amino acid, lactic acid, and urea, which supplement skin NMF levels. The formation of stratum corneum barrier requires enzymes that are pH dependent. Two lipid-processing enzymes β-glucocerebrosidase and acidic sphingomyelinase require a pH of 5.6 and 4.5, respectively. An increased skin surface pH activates enzyme serine proteases, which causes degradation of corneodesmosomes and affects the skin barrier. pH also has a big impact on the skin microbiome. The bactericidal activity, because of dermicidin and nitrites in sweat, occurs optimally at pH 5.5. The resident bacterial flora changes as pH increases causing increase in population and activity of P. acnes and Staphylococcus aureus which are responsible for acne and eczema. All these result in contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, ichthyosis, acne vulgaris and Candida albicans infections. Products with high pH cause swelling of skin follicles affecting the permeability of the skin making it dry, sensitive, and susceptible. Most of the skincare products are formulated within the pH range of normal healthy skin except the exfoliating products that contain alpha-hydroxy acids (AHA’s), Vitamin C products and chemical peel which work at low pH. Facial oils, cleansing oils, balms are not pH dependent.
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