Acne: What causes it and how to get rid of it for good!
Did you know that acne affects three out of every four people aged between 11 and 30 years old? Although acne is not dangerous, it can still be incredibly painful and stressful for those it affects.
As you can imagine, being one of the most common skin conditions in the world, there is a seemingly endless supply of treatments. However, the sheer amount of lotions and potions that all claim they can rid you of acne for good can sometimes cause you so much stress it brings on another breakout!
In this article we will explain what is likely to be causing your acne, help you identify what type of acne you are suffering from and then finally recommend some remedies that actually will work to combat your sore pores!
What causes acne?
Your skin is made up of tiny holes, known as hair follicles. Unfortunately, it takes just one hole out of all the billions to be clogged up by oil, dirt, dead skin cells or bacteria to cause a pimple. Everyone gets pimples every once in a while, – even those with the most stringent facial cleansing routine. But if you notice the number of pimples on your skin increasing it might be a sign you are suffering from acne.
Having acne is not an indicator that you haven’t been looking after your personal hygiene enough. It is often caused by triggers that, unluckily, you have little control over.
Firstly, as your body goes through puberty in teenage years there will be an increase in the levels of the hormone testosterone. This testosterone is not all bad news: it is needed for the development of the male reproductive organs and the maintenance of female muscles. However, unfortunately testosterone also activates the release of excess oil on the skin. Which, you guessed it, leads to your follicles being blocked and pimples rearing their ugly heads.
All our female readers out there, the risk of acne doesn’t stop at puberty. Women’s hormones regularly change due to their menstrual cycle and if they are pregnant. Again, these hormones are essential for maintaining fertility, but a by-product is more oil secreted on the skin that can lead to break outs.
But acne is not just caused by hormones. In some cases acne can be attributed to cosmetics and medicines. Which is good news, because if you can work out what is causing your skin to break out you can cut out or modify the use of that product. In particular, you are at risk of developing acne when using gone off cosmetics (always check the use by date!) or steroid medication.
What are the different types of acne?
Acne will present itself on your skin in two ways: noninflammatory and inflammatory.
Noninflammatory acne appears on the skin as blackheads and whiteheads. Both blackheads and whiteheads are caused when the skin pore is clogged by oil and dead skin cells. However, while the blackhead’s pores stay open, the whitehead’s pores close up. Luckily, they do not cause swelling or pain and can usually be treated quickly without leaving scarring. And by treating we mean applying a remedy – never popping them!
Inflammatory acne is more complex. The inflammation is caused by bacteria clogging up the pore alongside oil and dead skin cells. Our face is covered by bacteria, which is usually completely harmless. However, when it gets into the pores of the skin it can in extreme cases cause an infection beneath the skin’s surface that leads to painful spots that are trickier to eradicate.
How can I cure acne?
Every person’s skin is completely unique which means we would be lying to you if we told you there was a one size fits all solution for acne. Just like your skin, your treatment will be unique for you.
Some products will work better on your skin compared to other skin types, and vice versa. It is all about identifying the product that is right for you. And there are plenty of reliable products out there to choose from!
Those who have sensitive skin and acne sometimes fret about the drying damage of most acne treatments. But do not worry, because salicylic acid is an effective and powerful exfoliant which can be tolerated by even the most sensitive skin. The acid is not hard to come by: it is present in most spot treatments. However, if you want to expose your skin to salicylic acid for a longer period of time you can use it as a toner or moisturizer.
The acid helps prevents pores from getting plugged by exfoliating the hair follicles and removing the dead skin cells that can lead to whiteheads and blackheads. Therefore, it is best used on non-inflammatory acne.
Benzoyl peroxide has earned itself a reputation as a fighter against bacteria. And rightly so - it is a perfect fix for inflammatory acne as it kills off the bacteria that is causing the inflammation while removing any excess oil and exfoliating dead skin cells.
The peroxide is included in most spot treatments and works best when applied to a spot and left overnight. However, unlike salicylic acid it is not suitable for all skin types: it can dry out sensitive skin so always make sure you use it alongside plenty of moisturizer!
Clays can be a gamechanger for acne prone skin. They can extract the bad stuff on the skin’s surface while exfoliating it.
When you apply kaolin clay all of the particles which usually cause acne, such as dead skin cells, traces of make-up and bacteria, are attracted to the clay and stick to it. When the clay dries and you wash it off you will simultaneously be washing off all these items from your face.
Oil - yes, you read that correctly. You might be actively avoiding oily products during a breakout, but sometimes oils are key. Argan oil will not increase the amount of oil your skin produces, but it will work wonders hydrating your skin (especially as drying products such as benzoyl peroxide and kaolin clay are being applied to it).
Your skin will be able to absorb the vitamin E and fatty acids in the oil quickly and efficiently so you won’t be left with any oily residue. This hydration will improve the health of the top layer of your skin so it is in a stronger position to keep bacteria, dirt and pollution out – protecting you against any future break outs!
Skincare Products ( that i have been LOVING )
Recently, I have been super into skincare and keeping up with my skin’s appearance as I am growing myself in the beauty industry ( meaning that I am now CONSTANTLY doing makeup on myself! ) Fluff and Starface both sent me these products to try out, and I have been LOVING them so far! I have combination skin, and this routine is PERFECT for me! My new three favorite skincare products that I have been enjoying as of lately are 1) FLUFF - Face Oil #1 , which is 100% jojoba oil, which I used as an all natural makeup remover! Jojoba oil is super moisturizing and amazing for literally all skin types- especially acne prone and sensitive skin! 2) FLUFF cleanser , which is again - all natural - containing jojoba oil, hemp seed oil (which moisturizes without clogging pores, and balances out oily skin), ashwagandha root (which stimulates production of natural skin oils), and aloe vera (which reduces blemishes and acne, as well as lightens blemishes on the face). This cleanser does a great job of removing makeup as well as leaving you skin moisturized and soft! 3) STARFACE Moisture on Mars Hydrating Face Cream! A little bit of this product really goes a long way, leaving your face super soft, hydrated, and all with a SERIOUS glow!!! I highly recommend checking these 3 products all out! They all work great separately, but in my opinion as I have been using them cohesively, my skin has been looking and feeling great ( besides that one pimple 🙄 ). xx Isabelle
Retinol use for beginners from an Esthetician!
If you’re ever wondering how to start using retinol, this is for you! I want to start off by saying that if you’re interested in using retinol you must wear sunscreen daily. If you know you’re never going to wear it PLEASE do not use retinol. With that being said, let’s start off by explaining what retinol is and what it does for you! Retinol is Vitamin A! There are many types of retinol, like retinoids, retinol esters, etc. These are all derivatives of Vitamin A, and are more gentle and less potent versions of pure retinol. Retinol helps speed up our cell turn over rate in our skin. What that means, is that it will help you shed your dead skin cells faster to reveal new skin that’s brighter, smoother and healthier! As we get older, our “cell turnover rate” (CTR) slows down. So we use products like retinol to keep speeding it up so we can stay younger longer! Most people know retinol for treating fine lines and wrinkles, but it’s actually incredible for treating acne and acne scars! This is what I personally use it for. Retinol is strong and acts as an exfoliant so you must be careful with what products you’re using along with it in your regimen. Don’t layer or mix Vit C and retinol as they don’t like each other! Retinol should ONLY be applied at nighttime never in the morning. It makes you photosensitive which is a term to describe sensitivity to the sun. Most people experience some purging in acne, peeling/dryness, redness/irritation, and burning sensations when using a high dose of retinol without buffering it properly. If you use my buffering method properly you will not experience that at all! Now that you understand what you’re putting on your skin, I will explain how to use it! You shouldn’t start retinol by just applying it straight onto your skin without ever using it before. Your skin has to adjust to this new product and should be incorporated gently and slowly. It takes a month for your skin to adjust. You want to buffer your retinol with a gentle moisturizer. Nothing with actives like exfoliants (AHAs or BHAs)! Retinol goes after serums and before moisturizer in your routine! Week 1: use your retinol maximum 2x weekly. Start with one pea size amount of retinol and buffer it with 3 parts of moisturizer! Mix & apply to your skin! Week 2: use your retinol maximum 3x weekly. You’re going to do equal parts retinol and moisturizer. 2 parts retinol and 2 parts moisturizer. Mix & apply to your skin! Week 3: use your retinol maximum 3x weekly. Use 3 parts retinol (equal to a pea size) and 1 part moisturizer. Mix & apply to your skin! Week 4: use your retinol maximum 4x weekly. Apply a pea size amount of retinol directly onto your skin! Then apply your moisturizer directly on top of the retinol! If your skin cant handle retinol alone then stick to the buffering method forever! It will be just as effective as applying it alone! This method will minimize purging and keep your barrier healthy! Hope this helped! ❤️COSRX - Propolis Light Cream
🎯Ingrown hairs—these two little words conjure🎯
In our quest for smooth, stubble-free skin, ingrown hairs are an annoyance at best and cause for concern at worst (trust me- you don't want to see what they look like when they get infected)🤐 The cause of ingrown hairs isn't complicated. Simply put, when your hair starts to grow, sometimes it curls inward and gets trapped back under the surface of your skin. This can happen because dead skin cells clog up your hair follicle (so always, always exfoliate), but ingrowns also exist just because of your hair's natural growth pattern—so, unfortunately, those with curly hair may suffer the most! ￼Aspirin-Honey Treatment This recipe is a double whammy. Not only does aspirin naturally contain salicylic acid, but honey also has antibacterial properties, which can help reduce the possibility of inflammation and infection. 🔎Ingredients: 3 uncoated aspirin tablets 1 tsp. honey 1/2 to 1 tsp. water or oil Directions: Add warm water or oil to a bowl Add honey Crush aspirin tablets Mix together Leave mask on for 10 minutes Wipe off entirely with warm water ￼Coconut Oil Sugar Scrub Coconut oil, for example, is hydrating, keeps skin moisturized, and reduces inflammation.4 It's basically our winter skin savior. Mix it with raw sugar and you've got a winner. You can use this scrub daily until you see an improvement, and then you can switch to two to three times a week. Just be careful that the scrub isn't too abrasive. 🔎Ingredients: 1 cup of raw sugar 1/2 cup of coconut oil 10 drops of tea tree oil, or your preferred essential oil Directions: Combine sugar and coconut oil in a bowl Add in essential oil Mix together Apply and then rinse using warm water Dry with a clean towel ￼Baking Soda and Oatmeal Treatment I am huge fan of baking soda and how amazing this ingredient is! And rediciliously cheap. Baking soda, which is a great exfoliator, helps reduce and prevent ingrown hairs. Oatmeal has a soothing effect, reducing redness and irritation caused by exfoliation. 🔎Ingredients: 1 tbsp. baking soda 1 cup of water 1 tbsp. ground oatmeal Directions: Mix baking soda and oatmeal together Add water to the bowl Stir until it has a paste-like texture Using a cotton pad, scoop up the mixture Apply to the affected area and let sit for 10 minutes Rinse with warm water ￼Oil-Based Serum if you're particularly sensitive, it's best to avoid overly harsh scrubs. Abrasive scrubs like sugar and salt scrubs do exfoliate the skin but often at the expense of causing excess skin irritation 🔎Ingredients: 1 tbsp. castor oil 1 tbsp. hemp oil (optional) 10 drops tea tree oil Directions: Find a reusable glass bottle Combine castor oil and hemp oil Add tea tree oil to mix Apply combination after shaving to prevent irritation alba BOTANICA - Acne Dote, Face & Body Scrub Oil-Free CeraVe - SA Moisturizing Cream For Rough & Bumpy Skin GLYTONE - KP Kit Amlactin - Daily Moisturizing Body Lotion
Kylie x Grinch - Worth the Hype?
Review time!!! I just received the entire Kylie Cosmetics Grinch Collection in the mail this week & I want to break down each product and tell you what I loved and didn’t love. Palette: I’m not one that reaches for tons of colour usually but all the greens in this palette are gorgeous! There’s a mix of matte and shimmer shades, and as usual, the shadows blend like a dream! The good thing about this palette is that there are still some neutral shades rather than just greens. I definitely appreciate the mixture of shades. Shadow Sticks: The Kylie shadow sticks are probably one of my favourite products they have ever released. They are so extremely pigmented, and so easy to apply. They’re basically fool proof, and they set as a shadow. If you haven’t tried them out, I highly suggest you do! In this collection we have a super pretty light shimmery green, light gold, and two rosy toned shadow sticks. Shimmer Eye Glazes: This product is insane. They are a super intensely pigmented eyeshadow that leaves the lids looking wet & dripping in glitter! One swipe of these on the lid is literally all you need for that intense shimmer. If you’re someone who loves super shimmery eyeshadow, I recommend giving the Kylie Cosmetics Shimmer Eye Glazes a try. This collection came with 2 shades: a minty turquoise green and a gold - & I’m obsessed and so happy to be adding these to my collection!! Olive Kyliner: My go to liquid liner is the black Kyliner, so i wasn’t surprised when i loved the easy application and long wearing quality of this olive Kyliner! The liner applies a lighter olive green and dries down to a deeper olive shade. It’s definitely not something I’d reach for everyday, although it’s definitely cute for the holidays or even for a pop of colour to a neutral eye! Blush: I am a huge fan of the Kylie Cosmetics Blushes as opposed to the other blushes I’ve tried from the brand this one had some shimmer in it! It’s quite similar to the NARS “orgasm” blush but with a stronger pink hue. I love the shimmer in it, it adds a pretty glow to the cheeks, perfect for the holidays.. or any day really :P Highlight: Def on theme, but probably my least favourite product in of the collection :( Don’t get me wrong, it’s super blinding and glowy. Although, once I applied to my face it showed off as very green. Personally I don’t want a green glow on my face! But hey, if that’s your vibe that’s cool! Definitely not a highlight I’d reach for everyday. Lip Kit: Obsessed. This red is EVERYTHING! This Lip Kit is one of the best reds I have ever tried. It has a matte finish and is extremely long wearing. I know it’s sold out but a similar shade would be “BOSS” by Kylie. Lipsticks: These shades are gorg for the holidays and I love the shade range! Long wearing & comfortable on the lips. High Glosses: Kylies high glosses are high shine, but very sticky! So if you’re not a fan of sticky glosses you won’t love these. These shades are perf for the holidays and everyday!
THE BEST FOUNDATION I HAVE EVER TRIED
The Profusion Feel Good Skin Perfector is the best foundation I have used HANDS DOWN, and it is only $7.🙃 - shade: medium 3 neutral - skin type: combination (this foundation has kept my face 95% matte for over 9 hours) - satin finish w/ a light-medium coverage (it is buildable) - applies best with a sponge (I use the profusion marble sponge) It made my skin look healthy and even, and it’s my new everyday favorite foundation. I am very picky with foundations, but this didn’t give me bad smile lines so it’s a 10/10 for me already. ☁️ If you haven’t yet..please try this foundation out and let me know what you think! Hope this helps your skin look BOMBBB sis💕 #Profusion - Feel Good Skin Long Wear Skin Perfector[products]#[FiveStars]
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