6 Different Types Of Acne & How To Prevent Them
May 8, 2020
We know how frustrating (and upsetting) acne breakouts can be, especially if they’re long-lasting or badly timed, but about 80% of people experience acne, so if your skin is acting up, you’re not the only one.
Not all types of acne are the same - they are each caused differently and there is no one-size-fits-all treatment that works for every type. But finding out what type of acne you’re experiencing will help you to correctly identify the right treatments and set you on your way to clearer skin.
Scroll down for our full guide to the different types of acne and how to prevent them.
Blackheads are a common and mild form of acne which most people will experience at some point in their lifetimes. Blackheads are typically found in the T-zone area (chin, nose, and forehead) and are often experienced by people with oily or combination skin types. A blackhead forms when a pore becomes clogged with oil, dirt, and dead skin cells. As this build-up is exposed to oxygen it oxidizes, which turns it black and gives it is noticeable appearance. Blackheads don’t cause any pain or long-term damage, but if the pore remains clogged, then a pustule (see below) may form.
The best way to keep blackheads at bay is to exfoliate your skin regularly. You could use physical exfoliants like scrubs or you could use chemical exfoliants like acids - both will help to keep your pores clear of buildup. One of the most effective acids for treating and preventing blackheads is salicylic acid. It’s oil soluble which means it can penetrate deep into the pore to keep it clear.
Like blackheads, whiteheads form when a pore becomes clogged, however because they are closed over at the top (unlike blackheads), the buildup doesn’t come into contact with air and oxidize. Instead, whiteheads appear as a pimple with a rounded white or yellow top - this is made up of dead skin cells, causing the blockage to the pore. Again, these are a really common form of acne which most people will be familiar with and are typically experienced by people with oily skin or in areas of oiliness like the T-zone.
Once again, salicylic acid is the ingredient to look out for when it comes to treating whiteheads - since it breaks down and removes the buildup that’s causing the pimple. Other acids like glycolic acid and lactic acid will help too. Another great ingredient you could use to prevent whiteheads is retinol - which prevents dead skin cells from sticking together and causing the blockage in the first place.
Papules are small areas of swelling that appear red and feel hard beneath the surface. They don’t break through the surface and form a ‘head’ and are usually caused by the growth of acne bacteria which causes inflammation. If you’re experiencing papules, it’s important to make sure you’re washing your face efficiently, removing your makeup every night, cleaning your makeup brushes regularly, and avoiding touching your face - these are the most common ways in which acne bacteria spread on your face.
As well as following the above guidance to prevent papule from occurring, look out for an ingredient called benzoyl peroxide, which works to prevent future breakouts by killing the acne bacteria. If you experience really bad papules and find that benzoyl peroxide doesn’t help, your dermatologist may prescribe you a stronger antibiotic treatment to help kill the bacteria.
Pustules appear as a papule with a head - similar to a whitehead but much more angry, red, and inflamed in appearance. They often form when a blackhead or whitehead worsens or becomes infected and the clogged skin begins to swell with pus. The pus is formed of white blood cells which help to fight the infection. Pustules can be painful and last for a long time, but it’s important not to pop them because the white blood cells will be lost and will have to form again - basically prolonging the spot’s lifespan.
Cleansing twice a day, masking regularly, and using a chemical exfoliant like glycolic acid will help to prevent pustules from forming in the first place, and ingredients like retinol and benzoyl peroxide can help to reduce existing ones. Clay masks can also really help to reduce inflammation and soothe pain. Above all, be gentle to your skin and avoid physical exfoliants like scrubs which may pop the pustule and cause further damage and irritation.
Nodules are exactly the same as cysts - the only difference being that they remain beneath the skin and don’t show signs of redness or inflammation. Nodules can be persistent for weeks and sometimes even months, and may eventually turn into cysts.
As with cysts, strong concentrations of salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide are the best treatment to start with - followed by professional medical advice should the nodules persist.
Cysts are the most severe form of acne. They lie deep beneath the skin and form when oil and bacteria spread within and between pores, infecting multiple follicles and swelling up with pus that has nowhere to go. As they worsen, they become larger and more painful, and are often incredibly sore to touch. Because cysts are so deep, they often don’t break through the skin and so can reform time and time again in the same place. They’re hard to get rid of and can leave deep scarring. Many women notice that cystic acne flares up around their period - this is known as hormonal acne - breakouts are usually found around the mouth, jaw, and chin.
A combination of benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid in high quantities is best for preventing cysts from forming. Look out for leave-on spot treatments that have 1.5-2 percent salicylic acid or more than 5 percent benzoyl peroxide. Experts also recommend applying an ice cube to cysts as soon as you feel them forming as this can reduce both the swelling and the pain. If cysts persist, your dermatologist may recommend antibiotics or an alternative medication.
Drunk Elephant- The Littles 🐘
I won this cute little kit in a raffle & I couldn’t be more thankful! I have always wanted to try these products but never wanted to spend the money on all of them incase I didn’t like them! Inside this kit are the following products: DRUNK ELEPHANT - Beste No. 9 Jelly Cleanser Deluxe Sample DRUNK ELEPHANT - B-Hydra Intensive Hydration Serum DRUNK ELEPHANT - Protini Polypeptide Cream DRUNK ELEPHANT - C-Tango Multivitamin Eye Cream DRUNK ELEPHANT - T.L.C. Framboos Glycolic Resurfacing Night Serum DRUNK ELEPHANT - C-Firma Vitamin C Day Serum DRUNK ELEPHANT - Virgin Marula Luxury Facial Oil DRUNK ELEPHANT - Umbra Tinte Physical Daily Defense Broad Spectrum Sunscreen SPF 30 That’s literally a whole skincare routine! So far I started out my day with one of Drunk Elephants infamous “Face Smoothies” I washed my face with Beste No. 9 Jelly Cleanser & then combined C-Firma Day Serum, Virgin Marula Luxury Facial Oil, & Protini Polypeptide Cream together on my mixing trey with a disposable skincare spatula! I applied it all over my face & neck. Once that absorbed, I applied Umbra Tinte Daily Defense SPF 30 over my face & neck & was done! I love how the kit comes with steps to walk you through different routines you can use in the morning or at night! I will do a follow up review after I have used all the products for a few weeks! But so far, my skin feels & looks great! I have been breaking out lately & haven’t felt the best about my skin so I really needed this pick me up!! Thank you for reading! You guys are the best!! ❤️ @cherie@Cheriebeauty@CheriePick
Black Owned Makeup Look
So I decided to use the products I pictured in my first photo (minus my highlight shade and lipstick) I used the #Ace Beaute - Nostalgia Palette[products]#[FiveStars] for my entire eye look. I definitely enjoyed these products. My only advice is to shake the UOMA BEAUTY - Say What?! Foundation before use (because it can come out watery) but the coverage is absolutely flawless. I was shocked with the consistency the coverage I got. What’s your favorite black owned brands? (I do not own right to the song)
DISAPPOINTED BY THESE 100% NATURAL PRODUCTS 😩
I was so excited to try these out because I love moisturizers & I am always in search of a good one! These looked & sounded very promising! They’re from a woman owned company, completely natural, vegan, & cruelty free! However, I was quite disappointed. EARTH HARBOR - MERMAID MILK Nutrient Glow Moisturizer This moisturizer claims to give you a glow right away & it contains spirulina + matcha. I was excited about the matcha because it has so many amazing benefits for skin. It has a very whipped consistency which I like. However it always contains essential oils that were strong, although not toooo strong for my liking. But I’m really just not a fan of essential oils in my face creams. The moisturizer did make my skin appear a little brighter but the cream just sat on my face. All day long I could touch my face & still feel the cream sitting there! I hate that feeling! It also almost gave me a greasy appearance after a while? Not a fan. EARTH HARBOR - SIREN SILK Multi-Tasking Hydration Creme This one was absolutely awful. If I could give it 0 stars I would. It says to use it at night time & the apply it at least 5 minutes before bed so it can absorb on your face & not your pillow. It contains Sea Retinol + other Superherbs which normally make me love a product! But that just wasn’t enough here. First, when I put it on my face my eyes started to actually burn & I felt suffocated from the scent. It was THAT strong. Guys, I’m not being dramatic at all. The smell like attacked me it was crazy! I have never had something like that happen with a face cream! I couldn’t believe how strong the fragrance was. & to top it off, it wasn’t even a pretty smell. My husband described it as smelling like floor cleaner. But I powered through. The longer I had it on, the more “used” to the smell I got. So, I wore it overnight. But then I woke up even more upset with it! I had pilling all over my face. It almost looked like my face was peeling but it wasn’t, it was jus the cream. One thing I cannot stand about a moisturizer is pulling. That’s enough for me to throw it out! It also didn’t really even moisturize my face that well! All in all, I hated this experience. But if you want, you should try them out for yourself, don’t let my experience deter you from trying something new! I however, will be sticking with my Youth To The People Dream Mask & Superfood Whipped Moisturizer! Love those two!! YOUTH TO THE PEOPLE - Superberry Hydrate + Glow Dream Mask YOUTH TO THE PEOPLE - Superfood Air-Whip Moisture Cream 💗💗💗 @cherie@Cheriebeauty@CheriePick
Wednesday Wellness 🙏🏾
This past week has been rather hard and long for me. I ultimately decided to get back on track with my wellness plan. My main wellness goal for 2021, is to indulge in myself more. I definitely am a firm believe in “as within, so without”. I started my day with: #Four Sigmatic - Mushroom Elixir Mix with Chaga[products]#[FiveStars] I have been getting back into adaptogen and herbal medicine. What we put into our bodies is just as important as what goes on the outside. Adaptogens are apart of ancient medicinal traditions traced all over the world. I also drink Tulsi “Holy Basil” Tea. If you need a pick me up or emotional boost I highly recommend! SUNDAY RILEY - U.F.O. Ultra-Clarifying Face Oil is my treatment of choice I used during the day. Do not be afraid to use salicylic acid during the day. I applied plenty of sunscreen afterwards as well! This is a GODSEND for clearing up acne and acne scarring. It’s by far the best acne treatment I’ve tried and its mostly due to the immediate results I get. This is a dry oil, so it should be used before a heavy moisturizer or sunscreen. THE BODY SHOP - Spa of the World Thai Makrut Lime Firming Oil is a staple in my night time routine. When I want to relax and really unwind I use a body roller with this oil. It smells like a fresh key lime pie and it’s so hydrating. This is great for firming, especially when paired with a body tool. What do you do for wellness?
We’ll Miss You!
To our cherie fam who has inspired us deeply over the last year and a half: thank you. We are so grateful to have been a part of your beauty journeys and the community you created with us was nothing short of amazing. It's with sadness that we announce that cherie will be closing our doors on April 8, 2021, and your posts will no longer be available. While our platform will no longer be available, we encourage our community members to continue finding ways to create and allow their authentic voices to be heard.
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