6 Different Types Of Acne & How To Prevent Them
We know how frustrating (and upsetting) acne breakouts can be, especially if they’re long-lasting or badly timed, but about 80% of people experience acne, so if your skin is acting up, you’re not the only one.
Not all types of acne are the same - they are each caused differently and there is no one-size-fits-all treatment that works for every type. But finding out what type of acne you’re experiencing will help you to correctly identify the right treatments and set you on your way to clearer skin.
Scroll down for our full guide to the different types of acne and how to prevent them.
Blackheads are a common and mild form of acne which most people will experience at some point in their lifetimes. Blackheads are typically found in the T-zone area (chin, nose, and forehead) and are often experienced by people with oily or combination skin types. A blackhead forms when a pore becomes clogged with oil, dirt, and dead skin cells. As this build-up is exposed to oxygen it oxidizes, which turns it black and gives it is noticeable appearance. Blackheads don’t cause any pain or long-term damage, but if the pore remains clogged, then a pustule (see below) may form.
The best way to keep blackheads at bay is to exfoliate your skin regularly. You could use physical exfoliants like scrubs or you could use chemical exfoliants like acids - both will help to keep your pores clear of buildup. One of the most effective acids for treating and preventing blackheads is salicylic acid. It’s oil soluble which means it can penetrate deep into the pore to keep it clear.
Like blackheads, whiteheads form when a pore becomes clogged, however because they are closed over at the top (unlike blackheads), the buildup doesn’t come into contact with air and oxidize. Instead, whiteheads appear as a pimple with a rounded white or yellow top - this is made up of dead skin cells, causing the blockage to the pore. Again, these are a really common form of acne which most people will be familiar with and are typically experienced by people with oily skin or in areas of oiliness like the T-zone.
Once again, salicylic acid is the ingredient to look out for when it comes to treating whiteheads - since it breaks down and removes the buildup that’s causing the pimple. Other acids like glycolic acid and lactic acid will help too. Another great ingredient you could use to prevent whiteheads is retinol - which prevents dead skin cells from sticking together and causing the blockage in the first place.
Papules are small areas of swelling that appear red and feel hard beneath the surface. They don’t break through the surface and form a ‘head’ and are usually caused by the growth of acne bacteria which causes inflammation. If you’re experiencing papules, it’s important to make sure you’re washing your face efficiently, removing your makeup every night, cleaning your makeup brushes regularly, and avoiding touching your face - these are the most common ways in which acne bacteria spread on your face.
As well as following the above guidance to prevent papule from occurring, look out for an ingredient called benzoyl peroxide, which works to prevent future breakouts by killing the acne bacteria. If you experience really bad papules and find that benzoyl peroxide doesn’t help, your dermatologist may prescribe you a stronger antibiotic treatment to help kill the bacteria.
Pustules appear as a papule with a head - similar to a whitehead but much more angry, red, and inflamed in appearance. They often form when a blackhead or whitehead worsens or becomes infected and the clogged skin begins to swell with pus. The pus is formed of white blood cells which help to fight the infection. Pustules can be painful and last for a long time, but it’s important not to pop them because the white blood cells will be lost and will have to form again - basically prolonging the spot’s lifespan.
Cleansing twice a day, masking regularly, and using a chemical exfoliant like glycolic acid will help to prevent pustules from forming in the first place, and ingredients like retinol and benzoyl peroxide can help to reduce existing ones. Clay masks can also really help to reduce inflammation and soothe pain. Above all, be gentle to your skin and avoid physical exfoliants like scrubs which may pop the pustule and cause further damage and irritation.
Nodules are exactly the same as cysts - the only difference being that they remain beneath the skin and don’t show signs of redness or inflammation. Nodules can be persistent for weeks and sometimes even months, and may eventually turn into cysts.
As with cysts, strong concentrations of salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide are the best treatment to start with - followed by professional medical advice should the nodules persist.
Cysts are the most severe form of acne. They lie deep beneath the skin and form when oil and bacteria spread within and between pores, infecting multiple follicles and swelling up with pus that has nowhere to go. As they worsen, they become larger and more painful, and are often incredibly sore to touch. Because cysts are so deep, they often don’t break through the skin and so can reform time and time again in the same place. They’re hard to get rid of and can leave deep scarring. Many women notice that cystic acne flares up around their period - this is known as hormonal acne - breakouts are usually found around the mouth, jaw, and chin.
A combination of benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid in high quantities is best for preventing cysts from forming. Look out for leave-on spot treatments that have 1.5-2 percent salicylic acid or more than 5 percent benzoyl peroxide. Experts also recommend applying an ice cube to cysts as soon as you feel them forming as this can reduce both the swelling and the pain. If cysts persist, your dermatologist may recommend antibiotics or an alternative medication.
✨HOW TO SPICE UP YOUR PONYTAIL✨
Hi guys!!! I’ve been so obsessed with this recently! Ponytails are my favorite when I’m running late! Putting a little braid in the ponytail makes it look so cute!! This takes me literally 5 minutes and I LOVE IT😍😍 HOW TO: -gather your hair into a ponytail -secure it with a hair tie -grab a little section of hair from the ponytail -section it into 3 parts -and braid all the way down! ☺️ ✨TIP✨(you can always add a couple more mini braids in the ponytail) I feel like that would be so cute! Let me know if u guys try it out or have any questions😊✨💕
Full Face Using Products from Nov Boxy Premium✨
Hey Cherie Fam! 🍒 I finally received and unboxed my November BoxyCharm premium. For those unfamiliar with Boxycharm, it is a subscription service that gives you 5 full size make up products monthly. The base box comes with 5 items for 25 a month. If you want premium, it is 35. You get 2-3 more items than the base box. I used the star ⭐️ of the show (or rather star of the box) which is Illamasqua artistry palette. This retails for $47 USD. This palette performs well. The mattes were not patchy and the shimmers were impactful. There’s quite a fall out so I recommend doing your eye first before complexion. Then I used DoC single block eyeshadow in the shade Night Sky. This is perfect for a cool toned Smokey eye look. I used this for a pop of blue on my lower lash. #Dose of Colors - Block Party[products]# The realher lip liners come in a duo. I love the packaging because it doesn’t require sharpening. The formula was so pigmented and creamy. I was pretty impressed to be honest. I received a pencil eyeliner from the same brand on my last box and I didn’t like it at all. The Too Faced canary diamond highlighter, Lilly Lashes triple x mascara and Alamar’s gloss are from the pop up. I got them 80% off retail price! I wasn’t a fan of the mascara at first, but after applying it with a lash primer, it was amazing. It lengthened, darkened, and gave me volume. The highlighter was okay. It’s pretty but it’s quite chunky. I’m more of a subtle, glow-from-within type of highlighter. If you’re a fan of blinding highlighters, this is for you. I am a huge fan of the packaging. The lip gloss is ok. I wouldn’t pay full price for it however. Too Faced - Diamond Light Highlighter Lilly LASHES - Triple X Mascara HOURGLASS - Arch Brow Micro Sculpting Pencil aLamar COSMETICS - Desnudeas Lip Gloss Coqueta So far I am pretty satisfied with my box this month. If you are subscribed, what is your favorite product from your box? Xoxo, Francesca 💋
How long it takes for your products to work
Expecting results overnight from your skincare products is a recipe for disappointment. Unless it’s a cleanser or a toner/essence in which you should see results almost immediately, but these results are temporary and superficial. The timeline to see results is entirely dependent on what type of product you are using. On average 28 days is a good rule of thumb and the time it takes your skin to complete a full cell turnover cycle. A full cycle accounts for the time it takes for a fresh skin cell to appear, mature, die and shed. Deeper and long-term changes like acne, hyperpigmentation, etc. take longer because products like retinoids work at a genetic level. Use this guide to stick to your skincare products and be patient. A skincare tip would be to start one new product at a time.
Kylie x Grinch - Worth the Hype?
Review time!!! I just received the entire Kylie Cosmetics Grinch Collection in the mail this week & I want to break down each product and tell you what I loved and didn’t love. Palette: I’m not one that reaches for tons of colour usually but all the greens in this palette are gorgeous! There’s a mix of matte and shimmer shades, and as usual, the shadows blend like a dream! The good thing about this palette is that there are still some neutral shades rather than just greens. I definitely appreciate the mixture of shades. Shadow Sticks: The Kylie shadow sticks are probably one of my favourite products they have ever released. They are so extremely pigmented, and so easy to apply. They’re basically fool proof, and they set as a shadow. If you haven’t tried them out, I highly suggest you do! In this collection we have a super pretty light shimmery green, light gold, and two rosy toned shadow sticks. Shimmer Eye Glazes: This product is insane. They are a super intensely pigmented eyeshadow that leaves the lids looking wet & dripping in glitter! One swipe of these on the lid is literally all you need for that intense shimmer. If you’re someone who loves super shimmery eyeshadow, I recommend giving the Kylie Cosmetics Shimmer Eye Glazes a try. This collection came with 2 shades: a minty turquoise green and a gold - & I’m obsessed and so happy to be adding these to my collection!! Olive Kyliner: My go to liquid liner is the black Kyliner, so i wasn’t surprised when i loved the easy application and long wearing quality of this olive Kyliner! The liner applies a lighter olive green and dries down to a deeper olive shade. It’s definitely not something I’d reach for everyday, although it’s definitely cute for the holidays or even for a pop of colour to a neutral eye! Blush: I am a huge fan of the Kylie Cosmetics Blushes as opposed to the other blushes I’ve tried from the brand this one had some shimmer in it! It’s quite similar to the NARS “orgasm” blush but with a stronger pink hue. I love the shimmer in it, it adds a pretty glow to the cheeks, perfect for the holidays.. or any day really :P Highlight: Def on theme, but probably my least favourite product in of the collection :( Don’t get me wrong, it’s super blinding and glowy. Although, once I applied to my face it showed off as very green. Personally I don’t want a green glow on my face! But hey, if that’s your vibe that’s cool! Definitely not a highlight I’d reach for everyday. Lip Kit: Obsessed. This red is EVERYTHING! This Lip Kit is one of the best reds I have ever tried. It has a matte finish and is extremely long wearing. I know it’s sold out but a similar shade would be “BOSS” by Kylie. Lipsticks: These shades are gorg for the holidays and I love the shade range! Long wearing & comfortable on the lips. High Glosses: Kylies high glosses are high shine, but very sticky! So if you’re not a fan of sticky glosses you won’t love these. These shades are perf for the holidays and everyday!
Dutch Braid Upstyle💗
My absolute favorite hairstyle is anything with a Dutch braid! This hairstyle is so simple yeah it’s so cute… Here’s how you do it: ✨ take a small section of hair by your forehead and start your Dutch braid doing your outside pieces of hair underneath your middle piece and alternate which side you grab a piece of hair from ✨ continue that till you get to the top of your ear ✨ use texture spray on your braid so it will help with fluffing it out...I use AIIR - Texture Spray ✨ Pull on each loop of the braid to make it as fluffy as possible ✨ elastic the braid ✨ take a small section from either side of your head and elastic that into a half up style ✨ take a cute clip and clip it to the elastic That’s it y’all! So easy and so cute!! Give this a try💗 Xo Johanna
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