Everything You Need To Know About Rosacea

Lucia.DawsonLucia.Dawson
May 8, 2020
Constant red blushes on the face, skin irritation and sensitivity, blood vessels creating little river-like trails on the cheeks and nose area? If those symptoms sound familiar, most likely you’re dealing with a skin condition called rosacea. It can affect anyone, and there is no definite cure for this skin problem, but you’ll find that there are possible treatment options out there, which can help in controlling the symptoms and skin flare ups! 
At Cherie, we feel like it’s important to address this topic, and want to help you in better understanding your skin’s needs, in order to find the best ways to treat rosacea! Below we’ve gathered all you need to know, if you’re suspecting having this skin condition, or want to understand better how the skin reacts to certain factors and what can trigger inflammation and redness.
Symptoms - how does rosacea look like?
There are a few most common symptoms of rosacea, but it’s important to remember that the condition is a very individual matter, and can vary from skin to skin. You might notice that more intense blushing and flare-ups occur after certain stress-related events, or consumption of products that you’re body has an inflammatory reaction to.
Dealing with rosacea can mean you will experience only slight visible signs - making it not as traumatizing and intense for the skin. But, there are many symptoms that may occur all at once, and it is possible to have the whole spectrum of rosacea flare-ups.
Flushing
The first sign of rosacea is flushing  and the appearance of red, tiny spots on your skin. Usually the redness stays on the cheeks and face, but might travel down to the neck and chest area with an additional feeling of heat on the skin. 
Redness
The flushing episodes might faint away, but do also transform into persistent skin redness. It then stays on the skin and presents itself in a form similar to a skin allergy or an area with sunburning.
Blood vessels on the skin surface
One of the main symptoms of rosacea is the visibility of blood vessels on the skin. The blood vessels appear on the surface, because of the inflammation process occurring within them - making the skin appear swollen and red. If you have rosacea, you may experience 
Papules, pustules and skin inflammation
If you are dealing with rosacea, you may also develop papules or pustules on the skin. Both are inflamed comedones, that turned into either a red bump rising from the skin, or a pus-filled cyst sensitive to touch. It might seem like you’re dealing with acne, but you’ll usually notice that there are no blackheads or whiteheads appearing on the face.
Eye irritation
More than 50 percent of people dealing with ocular rosacea and experience unpleasant eye symptoms including dryness, sensitivity to light, bloodshot eyes and irritation. You’ll find special eye drops and ointments to help with the swelling and redness. In serious cases remember to head to a doctor and get proper medication.
Skin thickening
When you see and feel the skin thickening in certain areas, it means you are dealing with a more serious case of rosacea. It can lead to production of excess tissue and formation of rhinophyma - usually occurring on the nose and making it appear bulbous and red. But not to worry - it’s not the most common symptom and might not affect you personally, even if you’re dealing with this skin condition for some time already.
Causes
Because of the general cause of rosacea being unknown, it’s best to keep track of your beauty routine and lifestyle - in order to help your skin you have to start listening to the entire body. One of the best ways to deal with rosacea, and a tip from all of us at the Cherie community that will help on this journey, is keeping a “skin diary”. It’s important to note and observe how different foods, cosmetics or even the detergents you use in your home influence the condition of your skin. 
You might notice that more intense blushing and flare-ups occur after certain stress-related events or consumption of products that you’re body has an inflammatory reaction to. It all seems quite intense and energy consuming, but having good communication with yourself and your skin’s needs is key to understanding rosacea.
Below we list the most popular environmental factors that can trigger flare-ups:
  • Experiencing a lot of sun or wind exposure
  • Experiencing long-term stress 
  • Consuming a lot of hot drinks and spicy foods
  • Exposure to extreme temperatures
  • Being on medication which dilates blood vessels
  • Using cosmetics and products not suitable for your skin
Risk factors - who can get rosacea?
Usually, rosacea appears on light-skinned people and is known to affect twice as many women as men! But that doesn't mean men do not deal with this skin problem - even though less frequent, it occur with higher intensity amongst  males. Young skin very rarely gets affected by it and it mainy begins between the ages of 30 and 50. But the truth is that anyone can develop this skin problem, and many factors can push your skin to react with an outcome of the condition. Below you’ll find some common features of people dealing with rosacea:
  • Being over 30
  • Having fair, light skin
  • Being an active smoker or drinker
  • Having genetic predispositions to rosacea
As you can see rosacea is quite a complex skin condition, and there is no perfect treatment suitable for all. But hopefully, you’ve noticed that there is a lot you can do to minimize the intensity and frequency of flare-ups! Getting to know your skin’s needs and the best ways to treat rosacea for yourself are key to soothing your skin and mind.
References:
  • https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/acne-and-rosacea/acne
  • https://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/rosacea/rosacea_ff.asp
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