What Are Blackheads And How To Get Rid Of Them?

Apr. 30, 2020
It might surprise you to learn that blackheads are a type of acne. Although not as serious as other forms of the condition, they can still be unpleasant to deal with.
As with any skin disorder, the journey to a clear complexion begins with information. You need to know the facts to come up with an appropriate treatment plan. 
We answer the questions: what are blackheads, and how do you get rid of them? 
What Are Blackheads?
“Blackhead” is the common name for open comedones. As with other varieties of acne, these eruptions are the result of blocked hair follicles or pores. 
The material trapped in the pore is usually semisolid. This is in contrast to liquid, like with pimple discharge, or solid, as with nodules. 
Once the blockage inside the pore breaks to the surface of your skin, it reacts with the air, oxidizing and turning dark brown or black. 
These comedones typically manifest in the following areas:
  • Face.
  • Shoulders.
  • Arms.
  • Chest.
  • Back. 
What Causes Blackheads?
The same factors that play a role in other blemishes developing can also provoke blackheads. These are the five main culprits: 
1. Too Much Sebum 
Sebum is an oily substance your skin produces to protect itself. If your sebaceous glands go into overdrive, this oil can get trapped in your pores and block them. 
The blockage then manifests as blackheads or other lesions such as whiteheads and pimples. Excess sebum is one of the major culprits behind all sorts of blemishes.
2. Bacteria
Your skin’s surface is rife with bacteria, most of which are harmless—unless they have the opportunity to proliferate beneath the skin. 
Open comedones can allow the entry of bacteria. Propionibacterium acnes is one of the most frequent perpetrators.
3. Dirt and Debris
Sebum isn’t the only substance that can clog a hair follicle. Dead skin cells, cosmetics, and creams can enter your pores to block them. 
Outside pollutants can also collect on your skin. For example, individuals who work certain jobs are more likely to deal with dirt buildup. For instance, working in a kitchen with fry vats, or manual labor outdoors. 
4. Hormonal Changes
Hormonal fluctuations can affect all facets of your well-being, including your skin. 
That’s the reason why acne—blackheads included—is so rampant in adolescents. 
Other hormonal disorders or imbalances beyond puberty can also provoke blackheads. 
Examples include thyroid diseases, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and insulin resistance: they’re all linked to acne. In men and women alike, high androgen levels are associated with more severe lesions.
5. Medications 
The side effects of some medications can include a sudden manifestation of acne, or worsen an existing case.
Corticosteroids, thyroid hormones, and certain antibiotics can all provoke blackheads. 
Lithium, which treats psychiatric disorders, and large doses of vitamin B12, can also encourage acne.
How to Treat Blackheads
As they’re a milder form of acne, treatment methods are unique. You shouldn’t use the same strategies as for whiteheads, pustules, pimples, etc.
Topical treatments are less likely to be effective, and exfoliants may remove surface debris but are rarely capable of breaking down the mass that’s clogging the pore. 
These solutions are best as a preventative rather than a cure. Let’s discuss how to get rid of blackheads: we share helpful techniques. 
1. Physical Removal 
The blockages in your pores can be manually removed to clear it. Your dermatologist or a qualified cosmetologist is equipped to perform the extraction.
A special tool applies pressure around the clogged pore. The semisolid mass (which is the blackhead) is then pushed out by force and removed once it has fully emerged. 
If done correctly, this method guarantees the entire clog is taken out. Afterward, the skin is cleansed to prevent a recurrence. 
2. Masks 
Masks can be an appropriate over-the-counter treatment if they’re made with the right ingredients. Certain compounds such as clay can break down debris on the surface of the skin or draw out minor blockages.
This method is most successful on minor, newer blackheads as they’re probably less solid than well-established as older ones. 
3. Microdermabrasion 
This cosmetic procedure is minimally invasive. It can be done by a skin professional or your dermatologist. It works on acne and improves the texture and appearance of your complexion.
An abrasive tool is drawn over the skin; removing the outermost layer. As this mild wound heals, a new layer of skin forms. As long as the clog isn’t deep, microdermabrasion should get rid of blackheads.
4. Laser or Light Therapy 
Laser or light therapies are a popular treatment for acne and can be done by any qualified professional. As with microdermabrasion, it isn’t invasive. 
Photopneumatic therapy is effective for blackheads. An intense pulsed light (IPL) is applied to the skin, along with a gentle vacuum. As the light breaks down the blockages, the vacuum suctions them away.
5. Chemical Peels
Chemical peels involve exfoliation through powerful chemicals. The agent “peels” off the top layer of the skin where lesions, clogs, or scars are. 
Much like microdermabrasion, the skin heals, in better condition than it was before. 
Blackheads are not inflammatory, which means you’re unlikely to experience pain, discharge, or infection. Still, they are unsightly and it’s only natural to want a clear complexion.
Fortunately, these lesions are usually easier to treat than other acne types. Prevent open comedones by washing your face and exfoliating regularly. Always opt for non-comedogenic products to avoid oily skin.
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Best Reviews
Why hello there! I’m continuing on my how to tutorials. I really like this series breaking down all makeup trends and putting up how to tutorials for all makeup artist levels for makeup trends. Continuing on the wing liner, I used a liquid liner for my wing tutorial which is what I normally do. But liquid liners are not very beginner friendly. So this tutorial will teach you how to create an intense wing liner using a matte black eyeshadow. So check out the tutorial above to see how I achieve a wing liner using eyeshadow. Next tutorial will be the last of the wing liners. Products used: COLOURPOP - Stone Cold Fox Shadow Palette MORPHE - M165 Angle Liner and Brow Brush MORPHE - M217 Bent Liner Brush Until tomorrow Xoxo 💋 #CherieCreator
Which moisturizer is right for my skin type?
Which moisturizer is right for my skin type?
A little bit of moisturizing a day keeps the dry skin away! Moisturizing is crucial to a healthy skin barrier. All 𝗺𝗼𝗶𝘀𝘁𝘂𝗿𝗶𝘇𝗲𝗿𝘀 help with dry skin. Yet, not all moisturizers are created equal. So, how do you choose the 𝗿𝗶𝗴𝗵𝘁 𝗺𝗼𝗶𝘀𝘁𝘂𝗿𝗶𝘇𝗲𝗿 for your skin? I am breaking it down today for #WinterSkinReliefDay. In general, 𝗺𝗼𝗶𝘀𝘁𝘂𝗿𝗶𝘇𝗲𝗿𝘀 provide a little bit of water to the skin and contain a greasy substance that holds it in. 𝗠𝗼𝗶𝘀𝘁𝘂𝗿𝗶𝘇𝗲𝗿𝘀 are formulated in 𝟯 𝘄𝗮𝘆𝘀: ✅ 𝗢𝗰𝗰𝗹𝘂𝘀𝗶𝘃𝗲𝘀: greasy/oily and block the evaporation of water from your skin. 💦 𝗛𝘂𝗺𝗲𝗰𝘁𝗮𝗻𝘁𝘀: pull water into the top layer of your skin both from the air and from deeper layers of the skin. 🧖🏾‍♀️ 𝗘𝗺𝗼𝗹𝗹𝗶𝗲𝗻𝘁𝘀: not really moisturizering but rather to make the skin feel smooth by replacing absent skin the lipids and oils to fill in all the cracks on the skin, helping smooth out the surface of your skin and repair your skin’s barrier. Here is a cheat sheet to help you select the appropriate moisturizer for your skin. 𝗣𝗿𝗼 𝘁𝗶𝗽𝘀 📅 𝗠𝗼𝗶𝘀𝘁𝘂𝗿𝗶𝘇𝗲 𝗱𝗮𝗶𝗹𝘆, regardless of your skin type. Even oily skin needs moisturizing every day with the right type of moisturizer. Please avoid moisturizing reactively, aka moisturizering 𝗼𝗻𝗹𝘆 when your skin is dry. 🚿 Always apply to 𝗱𝗮𝗺𝗽 𝘀𝗸𝗶𝗻. P.S I keep my moisturizer in my shower to apply right after I towel off gently. 🔑 𝗨𝘀𝗲 𝗺𝗼𝗿𝗲 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝗻 𝗼𝗻𝗲 𝗺𝗼𝗶𝘀𝘁𝘂𝗿𝗶𝘇𝗲𝗿. This is key for the winter 🥶 months. You need both a humectant which draw moisture to the skin and occlusive ingredients which keep water from evaporating off of your skin. 🌓𝗨𝘀𝗲 𝗮 𝗵𝘂𝗺𝗶𝗱𝗶𝗳𝗶𝗲𝗿. This is really important in the winter if you are using humectant heavy moisturizer. The dry air can pull the water out of your skin. Sounds crazy right? 🚫𝗔𝘃𝗼𝗶𝗱 𝗳𝗿𝗮𝗴𝗿𝗮𝗻𝗰𝗲 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗰𝗼𝗹𝗼𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗴. Even if you do not have sensitive skin. Fragrance and coloring are just a set up for possible irritation/allergy and no one has time for that. 🦶🏾 𝗗𝗼𝗻’𝘁 𝗳𝗼𝗿𝗴𝗲𝘁 𝘁𝗼 𝗺𝗼𝗶𝘀𝘁𝘂𝗿𝗶𝘇𝗲 𝘆𝗼𝘂𝗿 𝗳𝗲𝗲𝘁 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗻𝗲𝗰𝗸. They too need some TLC. #skincaretips #moisturizer #skincareroutine #skincareproducts #dermatologist #dermatology
My Top 5 Foundations for Oily Skin
My Top 5 Foundations for Oily Skin
Here are my top 5 foundations for oily/combination/acne prone skin! These are by no means my only favorite foundations, just the ones I keep going back to. 1. ESTĒE LAUDER - Double Wear Stay-in-Place Foundation This matte, oil-free foundation controls oil all day. It’s sweat, heat and humidity-resistant, waterproof and 24-hour colour true. With buildable, medium-to-full coverage that feels lightweight and so comfortable. No touchups needed. Best for hot weather/ holidays. The only Downside is that it doesn’t come with a pump 2. MAYBELLINE - Fit Me! Matte & Poreless Foundation This foundation is a must have if you are looking for a good drugstore option for oily skin. It’s super affordable and gives a beautiful finish without feeling heavy on the skin. 3. HUDA BEAUTY - Fauxfilter Foundation is perfect for you if you are looking for full coverage. Just a couple of pumps go a long way. However, the formula isn’t ideal for anyone with dry skin or for people sensitive to string fragrances. 4. L'ORÉAL - Infallible Pro-Matte Liquid Longwear Foundation This formula blends unbelievably well and you can build this to completely full coverage! ! I'm beyond impressed for this being drugstore. 5. The Ordinary - Colours Coverage Foundation with SPF 15 this is my everyday foundation and gives good enough coverage. I just have to mix two different shades to get my color as the range is quiet limited but for the price I pay, I don’t mind. Always stay away form words like “dewy”, “luminous”, “shiny” , “glowy” if you have oily skin. Let me know if you have any questions.
The best workout hairstyle!
The best workout hairstyle!
Hairstyles for the gym don’t have to be cute - but it’s nice when they are!! Here is a SUPER easy Dutch braid into a bun - perfect for the gym when you don’t want your hair getting in your face when you’re moving around! Begin with the Dutch braid which is a 3 strand braid taking pieces from either side of your head, UNDER the middle strand of hair. Then fluff it out by pulling on the braid strands and then take all of that and put into a half bun, wrap the extra hair and you’re done!!! Literally so easy yall and SO STINKING CUTE!! Xo, Johanna
My 15 min natural full face ??? In 60 seconds?🤨
My 15 min natural full face ??? In 60 seconds?🤨
Y’all...I done made me a tiky tok 🤣 The full vid was 13 mins honestly and I had to cut out a lot nonsense to get to 60 seconds. Anyways, my full face is very simple and light. Foundation: Fenty Beauty Hydrsting Foundation in 410FENTY BEAUTY - Pro Filt'r Hydrating Longwear Foundation (im a little unsure what my color is cause it’s literally so many to choose from but I’m also two toned in a sense lol) Concealer: ELF Hydrating Camo Concealer in Deep Cinnamon (skin tone color to cover blemishes) & Deep Caramel to highlight. e.l.f. - Hydrating Camo Concealer Setting powder: REVOLUTION - Bake And Blot Pressed Powder in Banana Contour/bronzer: e.l.f. - Hydrating Camo Concealer Deep Chestnut... i think I’ll double check also I used Juvia's PLACE - The Warrior Eyeshadow Palette the shade “Nanu” as bronzer powder. Highlighter: MACx Teyana Taylor in shade “House of Petunia” Lip Stick: MACx Teyana Taylor in the shade “ I got a man” Setting Spray: NYX - Matte Finish Makeup Setting Spray I like this because it doesn’t give me a completely matte finish but my makeup also stays put Lip Liner:KKW BEAUTY - KKW BEAUTY Nude Lip Liner in NUDE 3 My favvvvvv lip liner ever Lip gloss: any beauty supply gloss lol Eyeliner:SEPHORA COLLECTION - 12hr Colorful Contour Eyeliner in black Mascara: e.l.f. - Volumizing Mascara Eyelashes is extensions That’s all folksssss 💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖💖