What Causes Dry Skin and How to Treat It

Apr. 27, 2020
Dry skin is a common problem. If you know the reasons why it happens and how to treat it, you will be able to stay away from dry skin problems.
Dry skin isn't serious in itself, but if you don't treat it on time, dry skin can become severe. Dry skin normally happens because of factors caused by cold or hot weather, low moisture in the air, and so on. There are some remedies that you can try to treat dry skin; for example, you can moisturize your skin daily, drink lots of water, avoid using dry and harsh soaps, and so on.
Generally, dry skin is temporary, and it happens mainly during the dry seasons. In the winter season, you will notice that your skin feels drier than usual; this happens because the moisture level in the atmosphere decreases. On top of that, dry skin signs and symptoms will also depend on your overall health, age, where you live, underlying health problems, if any, and finally, how much time you spend in the outdoors.  
You will face one of the following symptoms if you have dry skin: 
  • Your skin will tighten, particularly when you come out of shower, swimming, or bathing.
  • Your skin feels and looks very rough.
  • Your skin itches most of the time.
  • Flaking, peeling, or scaling.
  • Crakes in your skin or visible fine lines.
  • Redness of the skin.
  • Grey, or ashy skin.
  • Deep cracked heels that may bleed.
What are the causes of dry skin?
People generally suffer from dry skin problems for a temporary period. Environmental causes are the primary reason for dry skin, which is otherwise known as xerosis. Some of the common causes are mentioned below. 
Weather: Your skin will be the driest during the winter season. In winters, the humidity level and temperature drop drastically, causing an obvious reaction to your skin. However, if someone is residing in a desert region, dry skin problems can happen to people living in this area as well.
Heat: Dry skin can also happen when you use heating products, such as central heating, space heater, wood-burning stoves, as well as fireplaces. All of these things can decrease the humidity level leading to dry skin problems.
Hot showers: If you are someone who likes to take a longshower and bath, you are more likely to have dry skin issues. Swimming in pools which is heavily chlorinated will also increase dry skin problems.
Harsh soaps: Stores are overloaded with tons of harsh soaps. Companies market them in such a way that people end up buying only to feel the tightness of skin and irritation. Most of these shops strip moisture and natural oil from your skin. This eventually leads to dry skin problems.
Different skin conditions: People already suffering from different types of skin conditions, such as psoriasis and eczema, can often suffer from dry skin problems.
What you need to understand is that anyone can develop dry skin. However, people in their 40s will suffer more from dry skin issues. Reports say that almost 50% of the older population have dry skin. Someone who lives in a low-humid or cold area and someone who swims frequently tends to have dry skin.
Dry skin is very common among those who have underlying medical conditions. Readers may note that dry skin happens mostly during the winter and fall season. Because summers have a higher level of humidity and moisture, your skin stops from drying out.
There are no severe complications, and dry skin is generally harmless. However, if you don't pay attention to it and carefor it, dry skin can definitely lead to atopic dermatitis, which is eczema. Eczema often happens to those who regularly suffer from dry skin issues. In more severe circumstances, dry skin can lead to infections. Dry skin can cause cracks, which is open-source for bacteria to enter.
How to treat dry skin?
Now that you know the reasons why you may have dry skin; it is better to consider some lifestyle remedies or changes. For example, try to minimize hot water bath or shower. Whenever you shower, ensure that you take a shower for ten minutes, don't exceed. After taking a bath ors hower, or even after washing your face, make sure to apply moisturizer. You need to moisturize your face. Don't rub your face or body with a towel when it's wet, rather pat, and use a soft towel. 
Whenever you see dry skin patch, control yourself from itching or scrubbing. During the cold season, use a humidifier in your house and make a habit of drinking plenty of water.
When you moisturize your skin, your skin will block water from escaping.
Even if you wish to want to go for a hotshower or bath, better to stick to a warm shower rather than hot. Hot water dries the skin faster than you can imagine.  
Whenever you apply soap, ensure that you read the label carefully. Avoid soaps that have a lot of chemicals. Use gentle and mild soaps, skin cleanser, and shower gels.
When you go out during winter, cover your body as much as possible. The more protected your skin will be, the lesser it will be exposed to the weather. Wear hand gloves, socks, and hats.
Dry skin problems can happen to anyone; however, if you pay attention to a few things, you can protect your skin from drying out. We hope this guide will help you to stay away from dry skin issues. Keep hydrating your body and drink lots of water. It will keep your body hydrated all the time.
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